Water shortage is a global problem that can be caused by either economic water scarcity or physical water scarcity. When the problem is rooted in economic concerns, the shortage is attributed to poor management of water resources. According to water experts, physical water scarcity occurs when the natural sources of water in a certain region do not meet the demands of the users.
Water is essential to life, but not all people around the world have access to clean drinking water. This can be a bit astonishing since 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered with water. Unfortunately, only 3 percent of this percentage is freshwater and can be safely consumed by humans.
The sad truth is that many people do not practice water conservation. The world is also now afflicted with global warming, which is another leading cause of water shortage. The bodies of water dry up when the average air temperature gets warmer. It causes the evaporation of water from lakes and rivers, leading to bigger problems with water scarcity.
Effects of Water Scarcity
Water scarcity can cause disastrous effects on human health, the environment, and socio-economic development. These effects include:
⦁ Lack of access to clean drinking water
⦁ Contributes to poverty, hunger, and lack of education
⦁ Generates sanitation issues
⦁ Causes diseases
⦁ Destruction of habitats
⦁ Loss of biodiversity
⦁ Leads to migration
Ways to Prevent Water Scarcity
You may have access to safe and clean drinking water now, but you never know what will happen in the future. It is best to be part of the solution while you still can help prevent or ease the problem with global water shortage.
Here are some of the things you can do:
Practice Water Conservation
Water conservation helps to save water as much as possible. To achieve this, there is a need to limit the use of water. For instance, advocating for short showers rather than full baths can help save water.
Sewage Treatment and Pollution Control
Pollution can reduce water quality and make it unsafe to drink. For this reason, pollution should be addressed and the water quality monitored. Also, to ensure proper sanitation, there is a need to treat the sewerage system and ensure that it is not dysfunctional as this could contribute to water pollution.
Let other people know about the problem. There may be other people who are not aware that they are already contributing to the problem. If you have time to talk to them, reach out, or post valuable facts on your social media platforms. Use these avenues to try and educate others about how they can start conserving water.
Another way to prevent water scarcity is by recycling water. There are various tools available that can help you collect rainwater that you can use in watering the garden or cleaning the garage. You can also practice basic recycling water methods like using the water from your washing machine to clean certain parts of your home.
Supporting Clean Water Initiatives
The other way you can help prevent water scarcity is by showing support for water initiatives or show near your locality. One way to do this is to donate water softeners, which makes it easy for people living in areas with hard water to get access to clean water.
Hard water is a common problem in most households. In the US alone, more than 85 percent of households use hard water for bathing, cleaning, cooking, and other essential uses. Water softeners cause ion exchange that eliminates magnesium and calcium minerals that contribute to water hardness.
The problem with water shortage won’t stop as long as those who have access to safe and clean drinking water disregard the millions of people globally who are not as lucky. It will continue to worsen if people don’t do their share in water conservation and other practices to save clean water. The solutions above can help prevent water scarcity and allow people from all over the world to access clean water.